Beans, Bush (Phaseolus vulgaris, P.limensis, Vicia faba)
Germination Soil Temp:
Days to Germinate:
Date to sow Indoors:
Date to sow Outdoors
75 - 85 Degrees
7 - 10
Bush Beans - April - June 20
Lima Beans - May - June
6.0 - 7.0
Low - Moderate
6 - 8 hours
Moderate N, P, K
Avoid other legumes and before or after plants in the onion family
Bush beans are categorized into three areas: snap, shell, or dry. Younger beans are called snap beans, older beans are called shell beans, and fully mature beans are called dry beans. Some varieties taste better at certain stages. Bush beans grow on 1-2 inch tall compact bushes.
Bush beans will not need extra fertilizer if soil quality is good. Organic matter shuold be added to the soil prior to planting if the soil test indicates deficiencies. Rhizobia bacteria int he soil fix nitrogen and are beneficial for bush beans. Rhizobia are found naturally and should not need to be added to healthy soils.
Beans are light feeders, incorporate compost into soil at planting if soil is poor.
Plant at 2 inch spacing and thinned to 4 inches.
Cultivate weeds shallowly, about 1 inch, to avoid root injuries. Water weekly if weather is dry. Blooms will drop if soil is too dry. Provide good air circulation to avoid diseases and pests. Inspect plants for bean beetles, mosaic virus and bacterial blight.
Savory, French tarragon, basil, dill, beet, cabbage, carrot, cauliflower, chard, corn, cucumber, eggplant, leek, marigold, pea, potato,, radish, strawberry, and sunflower.
Bush beans: Bush Kentucky Wonder, Contender, Goldencrop, Wax, Harvester, Resistant Cherokee Wax and Tendercrop
Lima beans: Baby Fordhook, Dixie Butterpea, Fordhook 242, and Henderson's Bush
Snap beans should be harvested when they are thin and tender, which means that their width is no more then the width of a pencil. Shell beans should be harvested before they dry on the bush; they will be about 1/4 inch thick. Dried beans should be harvested after they have dried on the bush, and lima beans should be harvested when the pods are full and the beans are green. Bush beans have 52 - 60 days to harvest and lima beans have 65 - 75 days to harvest. The length of harvest is 2 -4 weeks.
Beans provide fiber, potassium, folic acid, iron, zinc, magnesium, niacin and vitamins C, B1, B2 and B6
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Source: UT Extension, PB1578 - Tennessee Master Gardener Handbook