Beans, Pole (Phaseolus vulgaris)
Germination Soil Temp:
Days to Germinate:
Date to sow Indoors:
Date to sow Outdoors
6 - 10
April 10 - June 20
6.0 - 7.0
60 - 65 Degrees
4 inch plant / 36 inch row
6 - 8 hours
Moderate N, P, K
Follow corn, avoid planting after peas or beans
Many of the beans available today were passed down through families. Most were grown in the United States by native Americans. There are several different types of beans grown in Tennessee. Some of these types are pole beans and lima beans (these can include vining type snap and wax beans).
Soil should be well-drained. Beans are leguminous, but soil should be inoculated with nitrogen. Soil usually contains bacteria in sufficient quantities.
Fertilizer is not necessary. Incorporate mature compost into soil. If there is evidence of nutritional deficiencies or slow-growth pole beans may need a side dressing of 2 to 3 pounds of 8-8-8 per 100 square foot.
Sow 2 weeks before latest frost date (April) and continue to plant until the first of August. Pole Beans should be planted 4 inches apart in 4-foot rows on trellises or some other type of support.
Cultivate weeks shallowly, about 1 inch, to not injure the roots. Water weekly if weather is dry. Blooms will drop if soil is too dry. Support pole beans with overhead trellises, wire, twine or tee-pee poles. Inspect plants for bean beetles, mosaic virus and bacterial blights.
Savory, French tarragon, basil, dill, salvia, snapdragon, cucumbers, corn, tomato family, marigold, potato, pea, radish, sunflower, beet, cabbage, carrot, basil and dill.
Pole: Blue Lake, Kentucky Blue and Kentucky Wonder, McCaslan
Pole Lima: King of the Garden, Priz-taker and Sieva
Wax: Cherokee Wax, Golden Wax and Goldencrop
Depending on the variety and use, harvest beans when they are about the size of a pencil. Beans that are overly mature will be tough and stringy. Limas are harvested in the green stage when pods are swollen and full. There are 60 - 65 days to harvest for pole beans and 80 - 90 days to harvest for lima beans. Length of harvest for pole beans is 5 - 6 weeks and 4 weeks for lima beans.
Vitamin C, iron, folic acid, potassium and dietary fiber.
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Source: UT Extension, PB1578 - Tennessee Master Gardener Handbook