Mustard Greens (Brassica juncea var. foliosa)
Germination Soil Temp:
Days to Germinate
Date to sow Indoors:
Date to sow Outdoors:
65 - 70 Degrees
4 - 6
5.5 - 7.0
50 - 70 Degrees
6 - 15 inches
High N, Moderate P and K
Don't follow or precede cole crops
Cool season (fall and spring) leafy vegetable that is a relative of cabbage and collards. Mustard greens are often used as microgreens with lettuce and endive. Mustard seeds also make good sprouts.
Mustard benefits from fertile, well-drained soils.
Apply 10 pounds per 100 foot row of a complete fertilizer, such as 10-10-10 or 8-8-8, or composted manure in the first year. Apply 1/2 of the fertilizer or use compost before planting and the other half in June.
Plant seeds in rows 12 to 15 inches apart then to 6 inch spacings per plant. Succession planting every two weeks until March and provide a longer harvest for tender leaves.
Provide water for productive plants, pull weeds or hoe between plants. Disease can include fungus and black rot so crop rotation is encouraged.
Mustard can be used as trap crop for cole crops and turnips
Florida Broadleaf, Green wave, Osaka Purple, Red Mustard, Savannah and Tendergreen
Harvest leaves when they are large enough for salads or cooking. The entire plant can be harvested by pulling the entire plant out of the ground when mature. If roots are left, new shoots will grow to extend harvest.
Low in calories, but contains a large amount of antioxidants. Provides a good source of folic acid, calcium, carotenes, manganese, copper, phosphorous, magnesium, protein, potassium, iron, fiber and vitamins B6, B1, B2, C and E.
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Source: UT Extension, PB1578 - Tennessee Master Gardener Handbook