Okra (Abelmoschus esulentus)
Germination Soil Temp:
Days to Germinate
Date to sow Indoors:
Date to sow Outdoors
80 - 95 Degrees
5 - 14
6.0 - 7.0
70 - 90 Degrees
Moderate N, P and K
Follow Bean or Pea
Okra is a beautiful plant with many ornamental qualities such as texture, shape and color. It is a relative of the hollyhock family and thrives in the heat of the south. There are spineless and spiny varieties, which can complicate harvest and enjoyment.
Okra benefits from a fertile, well-drained soil. Incorporate organic matter to increase texture and moisture holding capacity.
Use compost or a 10-10-10 at 1 1/2 pounds per 100 square foot garden. Fertilize each month after plant begins to grow.
Allow plants enough space to benefit from the sun. Seed and place a shovel full of compost over the seeds and water.
Water only during dry periods.
Lettuce, peppers and eggplant, basil, cucumber, melons, southern peas.
Burgundy, Cajun Delight, Clemson, Cowhorn (Spineless), Dwarf Green (Spineless) and Emerald Green.
Harvest pod when they are about 3 inches long and still tender about 50 days after planting. Wear gloves to protect hands from spines (or hairs). Remove over-ripe pods to keep the plant producing. Okra will not store well so cook fresh and no more than 2 to 3 days after harvest.
Low in calories and a good source of fiber. Provides nutrients such as calcium, folic acid, and vitamin B6 and C.
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Source: UT Extension, PB1578 - Tennessee Master Gardener Handbook